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Petrovsky Fort History of the Petrovsky Fort Complex Creation

History of the Petrovsky Fort Complex Creation

  I
Peter I

The territory the Petrovsky Fort is built on possesses a long history that dates back to the pre-Peter period, when Sweden owned the area of Prinevsky krai in the 17th century.

During the period when Peter I regained Prinevsky krai and founded Saint Petersburg, all strategically important points along the Neva and its tributaries were carefully guarded. The most significant places also included the spit of the Vyborgskaya side located at the beginning of the Neva estuary. It is here that the wooden quarters for stationing Cossack troops were constructed. On the Neva bank to the east up to the very Ohta River, there stretched the territory that was granted to the Cossack troops for economic activity. It is here that at the first half of the 18th century that the Cossack vegetable gardens were laid out.

The present name of the business centre is also related to its history. At the beginning of the 18th century, Peter I participated in the siege of the Swedish Karela fortress (the modern city of Priozyorsk of Leningrad region) built in the form of cylinder and preserved till today. After gaining the victory following the difficult long siege, the Russian emperor assessed all the advantages and reliability of the cylindrical construction and decided to build a similar fort in the city on the Neva River founded by him. The successful Great Northern War prevented these plans from being implemented. Such a military construction was not necessary anymore, so the area was developed in a different way. In 1715, Peter I founded the first Russian marine hospital next to the place where the Petrovsky Fort is located at the moment. Then it was called the Imperial Admiralty Hospital. During its opening, Peter pronounced his sacramental words, It is here that any sick military man can find some assistance and rest he has been so much longing for! Thus, even Peter the Great foresaw that the Petrovsky Fort would become a reliable stronghold where everyone can find support and assistance in any sphere, including business. A couple of centuries later, the Stroimontazh corporation implemented Peters dream in the form of a concrete and glass construction. So now, the solid walls of the Petrovsky Fort are the best guarantee of successful development of your business!

After two years, in 1717, here, in the western part of the former Cossack quarters, the land forces hospital was opened.

In 1718-1719, the first architect of Saint Petersburg, Domenico Trezzini, started constructing new stone hospital buildings instead of the old wooden hospitals.

In 1722-1723, the construction of the western part, i.e. the land forces hospital, was completed; three years later, the marine hospital was also fully built. After 1723, they founded a church between these two buildings.

The year of 1733 is regarded as one of the most important for the future of the Vyborgskaya side spit. On the territory of the land forces and marine hospitals, medical training schools were established. Later their development resulted into the emergence of the Imperial Medico-Surgical Academy. In 1786, the medical training schools were modified into the medico-surgical college that was followed by the world famous academy.

The most significant historic event of this territory implies the establishment of the Imperial Medico-Surgical Academy in 1798 and the construction of its building by the architect Antonio Porto instead of the former settlement of the marine hospital. The building of the Imperial Medico-Surgical Academy constructed according to the design of an unknown architect is regarded as one of the vivid architectural monuments of the High Classical period.

The new town-planning impulse of this territory was preceded by an array of events that considerably increased its popularity with those living in Saint Petersburg. The first of them was the construction of the Liteiny Bridge in 1875-1879. The second one implies the construction of the line of the Finlyandskaya railroad and railway station on the other side of the hospital gardens. The third event is referred to the 1860-s when they filled up the girt between the river bank and the supply island. As a result of these modifications there appeared a waterside area requiring some special architectural design.

In 1895, the southern building of the food warehouses was replaced by the House of the Russian Surgical Society in honour of N.I.Pirogov. The impressing design of this building crowned by a wide dome perfectly blended with the Neva landscape. Being a perfect end point of the Sampsonievsky Avenue, it actively cooperated with the southern part of the considered quarter. The author of this house design was the architect, V.A.Shreter. The House of the Russian Surgical Society was a location of the surgical museum, the medical library; in a special hall, scientific meetings were regularly held.

The implementation of the abovementioned activities considerably increased the social status if the considered area. In 1870-1890-s, the quarters located between the Finlyandsky Avenue and the Klinicheskaya Street were drastically reconstructed. Wooden one-storey farm house looking buildings were pulled down and replaced by large wooden two-storey buildings with rich decorations and exquisite roofing system designs as well as by stone 3- and 4-storey buildings. These houses were owned by rich merchants, generals and other well-to-do people.

The building as it is today was designed in 1987-1989 as a 4-star hotel. In particular, the building contractor was the Yugoslavian-Austrian firm named Tzinex, the customer the State Committee of the USSR for foreign tourism.

During the Perestroika period, in 1991 all construction works were stopped due to cut of financing. Since then, this construction project was frozen at the stage of ending of general construction works related to building process.

In 2000, the examination of building constructions of the building was carried out, which led to the conclusion that the general technical state of its main constructions could be defined as satisfactory and not impeding the implementation of the project.


Photo materials
Atrium of the business centre
Night city: view from the embankment

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